I discovered more about Orlando Bagley and his ill-fated neighbor, Susanna Martin, at these sites:
Panic spread far and wide with neighbor after neighbor falling under the malignant shadow until “From June through September of 1692, nineteen men and women, all having been convicted of witchcraft, were carted to Gallows Hill, a barren slope near Salem Village, for hanging. Another man of over eighty years was pressed to death under heavy stones for refusing to submit to a trial on witchcraft charges. Hundreds of others faced accusations of witchcraft; dozens languished in jail for months (*some of them dying there) without trials until the hysteria that swept through Puritan Massachusetts subsided.”
The above quote is from:
Women in that rigidly defined community had no voice or authority, but these girls wielded an almighty power over everyone by simply pointing their fingers. The power must have gone to their heads, along with the dizzying attention they gloried in. However, I wonder, had they no conscience? So many innocent people suffered and died as a result of this craze. For a people obsessed with the fate of their immortal souls, would this not weigh heavily upon them? Only one girl ever offered an apology.
Oddly, the one individual who bore any real resemblance to a witch, the young slave woman, Tituba, who lit the initial powder keg with strange Voodoo practices from her South American background, was never hung. She confessed (possibly after a beating) and then joined with the girls in naming suspected witches. Maybe it was payback for her slavery. I don’t know, but she’s also responsible for taking a lot of people down.
I’ve also read about and seen a documentary suggesting there may have been an outbreak in Salem at that time of ergot poisoning (a mold similar to LSD) on the rye used for bread making. Symptoms of such poisoning include hallucinations and physical pain which may account for some of the girls symptoms, but why only them? Wouldn’t more people have been afflicted? Maybe more were and that’s why they tossed all reason to the wind.
As for allowing ‘spectral’ evidence as testimony, this was previously unheard of at witch trials and Salem is unique in that regard. There were other time honored methods for ferreting out a witch. For example, the water test–if you sank you were innocent; if you floated, guilty, of course, and then you were put to death. Or, strip the supposed witch, shave her entire body, then carefully examine every inch of her for a ‘devil’s’ mark. I’ll bet a lot of men preferred this method. Woe unto you, if you had any funny shaped moles or birthmarks.
Spectral evidence based on gyrating girls shrieking that you came to them in a way that only they could see and caused excruciating torment while enticing them to make a pact with Satan was a no win scenario for the accused. Any and all denials were met with increased screams and accusations. Only if you confessed your sin,did they fall silent. Then you were free to go; God alone being your judge, which makes no sense to me. Crucify the innocent, or gain confessions from the so-called damned, thus freeing them. But those truly concerned for the state of their souls refused to make such a blasphemous admission, preferring death.
To understand the mindset of these Salem Puritans is almost impossible, but I’ll try. It seems they were terrified of the dark forest. Though only six miles from the coast, Salem was on the edge of the wilderness. The dreaded Indians dwelt in the woods, and the settlers feared Satan also brooded over the forest. Disease and misfortune were attributed to evil entities. Deeply insecure and preoccupied with horror of the dark forces, they sought its manifestation in everything and everyone. And you tend to find what you look for. Particularly when fear of the demonic is mixed in with an extremely judgmental community, resentment toward your neighbor, a means to get even, and young actresses happy to oblige you with a stellar performance.